A herniated disc is a condition that can involve any part of the spine, but is most common in the neck (cervical spine) or the lower back (lumbar spine).
Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the space for the spinal cord or nerve branches. More specifically, as the spine degenerates over time, it can lead to the formation of bone spurs.
Spondylolisthesis, or a slipped disc, is a condition that occurs when a bone in the lower spine shifts out of position and is displaced forwards over the bone beneath it.
Degenerative Disc Disease
Degenerative disc disease is a common source of chronic pain in the lower back.
Scoliosis/Spinal Deformity in Adults
Scoliosis/spinal deformity is a sideways curve of the spine. The spine of someone with scoliosis will show up as an “S” or “C” shape rather than a straight line down the back.
A spinal fracture is a serious injury in which one or more vertebrae in the spinal column collapse, causing the vertebra, which normally has a rectangular shape, to become compressed.
Failed Spinal Surgery
Failed back surgery syndrome, or failed spinal surgery, is diagnosed when a patient continues to suffer chronic back pain from a previous spinal surgery.
A spinal tumor is a growth developing within or near the spinal cord. It can be either cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (nonmalignant).